Below is a list of substitutions I use regularly.  I will update this list as I come across more good substitutions.

Regarding wine-based vinegar please see this post at My Halal Kitchen for more information.

If you have any good substitutions please let me know and I will include it below.

Ingredient Substitution
Butter, solid Margarine
Butter, melted
           1 cup
          3/4 cup
          1/2 cup
          1/4 cup
Canola Oil (Source:
3/4 cup
2/3 cup
1/3 cup
3 tbsp
Buttermilk, 1 cup
1 tbsp vinegar/lemon juice and enough milk to make 1 cup.
Allow to sit for 10 minutes
1 cup yogurt 
Cake Flour, 1 cup
1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose flour
1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose + 2 tbsp cornstarch, sifted several times (6 should be enough)
Chicken Broth Vegetable Broth
Chinese Black Vinegar Balsamic Vinegar
Chinese Cooking Wine,
3 tbsp
2 tbsp orange juice + 1 tbsp rice vinegar
Chinese Rice Wine, 2 tsp 1 tsp apple cider vinegar + 1 tsp water

Chipotle Chillies in Adobo Sauce
Quantity: 3

1/2 tsp liquid smoke + 2 minced jalapenos + 3 tbsp ketchup
(have not tried this yet)
Dry Sherry Orange Juice
Dry White Wine Chicken or Vegetable Broth
Heavy Cream in pasta and curries Sour Cream (I always use low fat)
Self Rising Flour
1 cup
1 cup all-purpose flour + 1 1/2 tsp baking powder + 1/4 tsp salt

Semi Sweet Chocolate,
2 oz
1/3 cup semi sweet chocolate chips
Vanilla Extract Vanilla Powder


  1. OMG! I love that you have done this!!!I had no clue you had this substitution chart! Thanks!

  2. I find it so handy to have all these substitutions in one place rather than searching all over for things! I try to update it whenever I find something that works.

  3. this is a great list! deifnitely makes life easier. you can also substitute eggs with applesauce... works well but you need to play with quantities of course...

    1. Thanks! I found I was always searching for the same substitutions and thought this would make life a lot easier if I just put everything in one place. I never knew eggs could be substituted for applesauce...interesting!

  4. I use applesauce as a substitute for oil in all my baking/desserts, it works well!

    Great list btw, comes in handy!


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